What happened in 1834?

I found an insteresting thing. Whatever which one in these three graphs shows above about tea are increasing from 1740 and suddenly decreasing around 1834. And what I learned is China had a war with England. which is called First Opium War. Well, what happened in 1834? I did some research and found this:

Tea and DaHuang(a kind of medicine) is so important that if the foreigner can’t get this, they will lose their lives.(茶叶大黄,外夷若不得此,即无以为命。—–《谕各国夷人呈缴烟土稿》 林则徐1840年3月)

Some Chinese at that time thought all foreigners just eat meat without vegetable. So if foreigners can’t get tea. They will die because they can’t have a bowel movement………..

This makes me want to laugh. Although feels sad.

At 1834 Qing dynasty limited the export tea to England. England started a country tea plan which want to make tea by theirselves.

Things just become more and more weird. I just feel the Lin ZeXun’s diplomacy is sort of naive. The reason he told to the foreigner is that we don’t bring any bad stuff to your country, why you give us the opium? Chinese just don’t understand the world at that time. They thought give the world goodwills, the world will give back the samething.

Too pride, my people.

 

THANKS LETTER

Thanks for you coming!!!! I know that is pretty good tea by my background knowledge. So thanks for your generosity. Your coming make our class more interesting. We are very glad this kind of class. Well, I think we can talk more about tea’s making and learn more about it. I preet sure the oolong is the best one for me. Which you called Qing tea or Tie Guanyin. Thank you very much

 

感谢学姐的款待,茶是好茶,十分让我羡慕啊。其实我觉得这样挺好的,可以多举办几次这样的茶会。然后青茶-铁观音是我最喜欢的了,这次我来美国也带了点,以后有空可以一起喝茶~~~

Free-write about The Giver

 

 

 

 

 

Well, the author use a lot of words to implicit the content of the book. In the foreword, like the sentence Please list all the similes and metaphors in The GIver which is a sort of joke. The author use two part like her grandchildren and qwinoa, kale to point out that this is a pretty old book or this is written by long times ago.( I don’t think she is implicit she is old, but I felt it). Then… I feel the author is kind of childlike innocence and objectively when she is writing this article. She writted some letter which came from the reader. She is so objectively so I feel she is a rational person.

Why writed like this?

I guess that is provide some words to respond sympathetically when reader read the later part( the book) 

And she maybe wants to give readers a feeling of this book is so intersting!! quickly come and read it!! You don’t believe it? see, here are a lot of letter of readers. They have a lot of different feelings whe they read.

 

 

 

 

这可能是最早的吐槽党。。。作者在写的时候用了很多的吐槽比如“Please list all the similes and metaphors in The GIver” 这就有点意思了,然后作者用两个方面1 2 来说明她这个东西写在很早之前(我不觉得她是在暗示自己老,虽然我感觉到了这一点) 然后em。。。我要说这个作者很有童心了也很旁观吧,就是她在introduction部分后半段写了一点东西就是读者给的反馈。就觉得很旁观,很理性,就很好。我感觉这样写是没有问题的。 然后,为什么这么写?我猜是为了通过这些读者的描述表达一些她认为你在读的时候可能想到的东西。我还没有读后面的故事,所以可能没有什么共鸣,但是我在读后面的故事的时候,可能就会想到 哦,这个东西作者在intro提到过我也有一样的感受。然后总体感觉很轻松随意了,这个intro写的真的就是埋坑党,一股浓浓的我这个书很有意思哦,你快来看看哦,不看后悔哦的感觉。然后搞得我真的很想看看来着。还是写的很不错的。上面的假设并不成立,有一点过度猜想,作者思考未来跟这个没什么关系,可能就是想提一下而已。就此。还有中文真的能写好多啊。竟然一口气写下来了。

 

CHAN-NO-YU

I think the story of tea can be separated to two part one is the part before Tanaka Senshō establish the “association”, another part is after that. I think an interesting thing of tea in Japan is tea is so expensive at first( first tea came to Japan from China) then it became cheap and normal. In China, it is cheap at first then it became expensive.

 

I noticed that tea is art of life in Japan includes a lot of rules and just nobility use that. After Tanaka’s school the thing changes it still important, but more focus on the inner things which means whatever you are poor or rich, you can drink it. And government use tea ceremonies as a propaganda tool. The Tourist Board of the Japanese Government Railways wrote a book about the tea because they thought that is an important part of the Japanese culture. The Cha-no-yubecome a daily thing nowadays. It still important but not that fur from life.

 

 

Global Environmental Change since 1800(lecture)

NOTE:

CO2 emission 

12988

Global Environmental Change since 1800

anthropocene

Georgetown University

JR McNeill

Environment history  

Summary of today’s talk 

Deline area since 1800

Tumultuous era since about 1800

Some indicators water air pollution climate

 

 

Cropland农田

Freshwater 4 trillion m^3 2014

500 billion m^3 1901

Quality    Chicago 1830  

Jardine Water filtration plant 1968 Filters millions of gallons per minute

Lake chad story.

Aral Sea

 

 

 

Dams大坝

capita

 

Mexico City air quality history: Good Bad not so bad

Climate 

 

Concentration inferred temperature from Vostok ice core

Atmosphere Deforestation—main reason

The sawtooth pattern is seasonal variation driven by vegetation, mainly tree

Abundance -reason

1800 80 times 2010

Biofuel coal oil   Nat Gas. Hydro-ELect Nuclear

Fossil fuel extraction 

Transport

Combustion

Enabling effect of cheap energy

Unique moment population history

World population growth 

 

Soviet May Day parade

Sparrows point shipyard

1965 

rewrite sentence

To European architects brought up on the traditions of stone and brick construction, our Japanese method of building with wood and bamboo seems scarcely worthy to be ranked as architecture.

P1:To European artists brought up on the teaditions of stone and brick development, our Japanese method of building with wood and bamboo seems hardly worthy to be ranked as building.

P2: Japanese method of building with wood and bamboo seems hardly worthy to be ranked as building when European artists brought up on theteaditions of stone and brick development.

P3: when the teaditions of stone and brick development is brought up by European artists, Japanese method of building with wood and bamboo seems hardly worthy to be ranked as building.

 

 

 

 

To European architects brought up on the traditions of stone and brick construction, our Japanese method of building with wood and bamboo seems scarcely worthy to be ranked as architecture.

It is a comparing between European architects and Japanese architects.

no it is a caomparing between European buldings and Japanese buldings.

Buldings are most important part.

so what?

it use brick and stone to compare with wood and bamboo, so maybe it more to say the European bulding is more stable? but the thing is, this book is talking aobut tea. so it can’t be.

so what?

The author use seems so maybe it is not to say Japanese building is nothing. so the auther wants to say the good stuff of Japanese building.

so what?

The goode stuff of Japanese building. Maybe some thing natrual? more natrual than European?

so what?

I have to read the article again….. This is a book about tea. Why I choose the sentence? It just some word I miss understand. It is nothing with hard.

Tea test

I tried all the tea in out class.

I want to talk about the LongJing and Tregothnan a little bit.

I familiar with Longjing. It comes from my hometown, so the full name of the tea is Xihu Longjing. Xihu is a lake in south China city Hangzhou. so the name for this tea is kind of Place+tea name way. Longjing is green tea. It is light than black tea. A good Longjing leave should look like a whole leave which just flatten. And the Longjing can be drink with some sugar. It will be better.

Tregothnan is amazed me. It is a kind of tea I never try. It is so strong that I even don’t think it is not a kink of tea. I think it is a traditional tea in my mind. It is a good thinging. because just when a thing is keep developing. The thing will never disappear.

 

Garden

I saw the plant names False Indigo. It is a flowering plant. The plant is the height of 1 to 1.5 meters.  Brown limbs start from roots. And when I check from Wikipedia, I see that the plant will the purple.

POEM ANALYSIS

Bai Yuji is a famous poet in China. It is the reason I choose him.

 

 

After eating

After I read the poem “After eating”, a familiar feeling emerged from my heart. Bai Yuji always writes some poems that include a lot of philosophy. In the poem, the poet writes three different people: Happy person, sorrowful person, and the lighthearted person. The poem evokes the thinking of the time. The way you treat life will affect the way you treat time. I think a poet is a person who without worries nor delight. You can feel balance from the poem. The way the poet treats the poem just like he treats a fact in life. Just like the sun rises from the east, you will not feel happy or sad because of the sunrise. It is not emotional. There are people who like to take the easy approach in life, right or wrong. There is a sentence that evokes me: “Having done eating I go to sleep”. When I did all my homework, I just felt easy. What I always do is I eat then I have a nap. Tea always symbolizes tranquility. We can see the poet take two bowls of tea for himself. “Two” always means not too much and not too less. It is a balance of more and less.

 

Sent to Liu from Tongzhou as I leisurely rest

It is a typical Bian Zhe poem in Chinese analysis. It means the background of the poet is being demoted. By the title, we can find this poem is written from Tongzhou to Liu. Liu is a small city in that time. The writer feels sad. The cold water shows his sadness. Sadness and the cold are associated with each other. It is a lonely situation for the writer because he has been evicted from the center of the police power. He is missing his family and his friends. In ancient times, literati always drink tea when they have a meeting together. The writer has no friends near him to meet with, so he is not drinking tea.

 

Tea and alcohol are complementary in same place.

 

  • Tea is the chief of the hundred herbs and the heart of the ten thousand plants.
  • Before I arrive in the market to make any arrangement, people are already waiting to buy me.
  • People will not be mad because of tea
  • the various courtiers drink alcohol they address superiors without fear
  • that people from the ten thousand countries in the world run after the Fuliang and Xizhou teas.
  • when the Lord of Zhao in Zhongshan played the qin [zither] and when the King of Qin beat upon the earthenware jar, no one could invite the artists either to sing or dance merely with a cup of tea.
  • Offering alcohol to your neighbors is just to show your courtesy and politeness while serving it in an army headquarters is but to compromise differences.
  • I am offered to the future Buddha Maitreya and dedicated to the Bodhisattva Guanyin

 

I think tea and alcohol are complementary in many places.

In economic area. Merchants trade tea from China to other countries. It is because Tea is rare in the ancient world. Merchants trade tea between China and other countries to get benefits. As the described in the article, “Before I arrive in the market to make any arrangement, people are already waiting to buy me.” These all show the commercial value of the tea in ancient times. However, based on the article, I also can figure out alcohol is expensive in ancient times. “While merely half a glass of alcohol, being honored, costs seven cash.” I get a complementation of tea and alcohol is that tea is used in international trade in ancient times, alcohol is used in national trade.

In the mind area. Tea is sobering which has the same function as coffee. As I find in the article, tea was offered to the future Buddha Maitreya. Hermit and Buddha drink tea when they think about philosophical problems and Buddhism questions. “People will not be mad because of tea.” In the other part, alcohol can bring brave “the various courtiers drink alcohol they address superiors without fear”. Alcohol even can compromise the differences between persons. Alcohol and tea bring people the different feelings in different circumstances.

In social occasions. When people are dancing or singing, drinking tea will be strange. Drinking alcohol when people are talking about book or knowledge is also inapt. People will consider drinking alcohol at a party or meeting a new friend. “Offering alcohol to your neighbors is just to show your courtesy and politeness” is an example. Or drinking tea at an important occasion. For tea, people always drink it at a quieter place like when people talking about books. The reason for using in different occasions is the different feeling brought from the alcohol and tea. Alcohol always makes people feel stimulated. Tea makes people feel calm.